Spina bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don't form properly. It falls under the broader category of neural tube defects. The neural tube is the embryonic structure that eventually develops into the baby's brain and spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them. Normally, the neural tube forms early in pregnancy, and it closes by the 28th day after conception.
A snapshot of the adult spina bifida patient – high incidence of urologic procedures
Spina bifida - Wikipedia
Spina bifida is a condition that affects the spine and is usually apparent at birth. It is a type of neural tube defect NTD. Spina bifida can happen anywhere along the spine if the neural tube does not close all the way. This often results in damage to the spinal cord and nerves.
Spina Bifida in Adults
Because of advances in medical care, more and more people are living with spina bifida SB into adulthood. Many patients with SB may have trouble finding healthcare providers with experience caring for patients with this disease in adulthood. The problems encountered by SB patients as they age into adulthood differ from those of childhood and require different sets of medical knowledge and expertise. The normal aging process involves such things as loss of muscle strength and flexibility, less physical stamina, and a decrease in sensory abilities. People with SB have all of these usual signs of aging, but their declines may be faster or more severe.
About 1, babies in a year are born with spina bifida. The condition usually manifests in the lower back and can be classified into three types, depending on the severity. Spina bifida occulta is the mildest form that affects five percent of people with SB. Its manifestations in the baby might either be in the form of a dark spot, a hairy patch, a dimple, or swelling on the spine.